The first shipping container was invented in 1956 by an American named Malcom McLane. Container shipping began in 1956 and in 1961, the International Organization for Standardization set standard sizes for all containers. A shipping containers for sale Melbourne is a container with strength suitable to withstand shipment, storage and handling.
Traditionally, the process of loading cargo required lots of port workers for all the goods into position. However, with containers these workers were no longer required. In other words, shipping containers was replacement of port workers. The different types of containers include open end, open side, open top, half eight, flat rack, refrigerated, liquid build (tank), modular and standard dry cargo.
Shipping Container or Intermodal Freight Shipment
Shipping container is often used interchangeably with intermodal freight containers. Intermodal freight container is a type of container that is used as multiple modes of transportation e.g. rail, ship and truck. Intermodal freight containers are reusable transport and storage to transform the goods from one place to another through different modes of transportation
The intermodal freight containers are known under a number of different names such as simply container, cargo or freight container, shipping sea, or ocean container, container van or conex box, sea can or c can etc. Standardized containers have an ability of loading and unloading the goods efficiently. This also makes goods more affordable than if the containers are loaded and reloaded at each stop.
Standard ISO shipping containers are 8ft (2.43m) wide, 8.5ft (2.59m) high, and come in two lengths 20ft (6.06m) and 40ft (12.2m). Extra tall shipping containers called high cube containers are available at 9.5ft (2.89m) high. Smaller shipping containers are also available at 10ft (2.99m), and 8ft (2.43m). The largest container ship in the world. MSC Oscar, has a TEU of 19,224. There are numerous designs of shipping container, but the majority prefer “Dry Van Containers: these containers carry general freight.
FCL and LCL
Full Container Loading (FCL); shipping full containers can often be helpful in lowering shipping costs. A Less Container Loading (LCL), less than container freight costs are based on a dollar amount per cubic meter. The US is one of the largest export countries in the world. The export business in the US totaled 1.84 trillion dollars in 2014, which accounts for 13 % of the US economy. Business planning to export goods overseas must understand the rules of the country they plan to ship to, and few documents are required: commercial invoice, bill of lading, written authorization. Shipping containers earned a lot of benefits; The cost to ship cargo has dropped more than 90 %
In 1956, cargo cost $5.88 per ton to load, while now it only costs around $0.16 per ton. Malcolm McLane has been awarded “Man of the Century” by the international Maritime Hall of Fame. There are close to twenty million shipping containers in the world which make over 200 million trips per year. This type of business is profitable. Different types of shipping containers have capacity and efficiency of transportation through different modes. It is a good business because of its standardization