Laser cutting is a distinctive technique and form of cutting through the toughest kinds of metal and other equipment. Compared to traditional techniques of cutting with blades and other instruments, lasers have a reputation of being much more efficient and faster at production. More than just cutting, lasers are used for stamping which is the process of engraving. Acting as a much more modern approach to creating projects, laser cutting is being used more often in other fields of expertise and professions besides factories such as small businesses, schools, and general use by the public for hobbies.
Benefits and Efficiency
Lasers function by a simple process. It begins with focusing the laser beam from an electrical discharge or lamp inside the machine which is then directed by a computer numerical control or “CNC”. From there, the laser melts, burns, or vaporizes the material which results in a cut object. Laser cutting various advantages to its usage compared to traditional cutting and manufacturing. When computing and designing, lasers use precision to create engravings when stamping. The compact system allows for easy maintenance, storage, and setup. Being a laser, it has the ability to work better than blades on metals such as steel, stainless steel, and aluminum. Lasers are made to be not only resourceful but also incredibly fast and affordable.
Types of Laser Cutting
While there is a broad sense of laser cutting Dayton oh, there are subcategories that pertain to the technique. As discussed, lasers manage to cut material by either burning, melting, or vaporizing the material. The “Melt and Blow” laser cutting method is possibly the most common way the average individual might imagine laser cutting. This method is used often on metals and uses a fascinating practice of first heating the object to its boiling point, then blowing molten material to weaken the surface. Vaporization laser cutting works by focusing the beam on a point and bringing it to its boiling point. From there, the incision is more likely to absorb atoms around it and thus widening the hole, resulting in a cut. This method of laser cutting, however, is done with objects that don’t melt. Another term with a particular name known as “thermal stress cracking” works on objects that are simple to break and comparatively weak under strong heat conditions. The laser easily hits the surface and manages to cut the object. Reactive Cutting is a technique with the most brute force and heaviest of substances to cut through typically thick metals. Reactive cutting involves an oxygen torch ignited by a laser and allowing a gas source to react basically resulting in a type of “flame cutting”.
Another side to Laser Cutting
The environment is a very important topic especially in the recent days of the early 20th century. With any production or fabrication, there can be some concerns with the output of certain machines. Laser cutters do come with downsides with needs of excessive amounts of energy and power consumption. The type of laser and the thickness of the material it cuts depends on how much power consumption is required, also known as “heat input”.